|Lived||8 July 1921-7 July 2006|
John William Money (1921-2006) was an American psychologist and sexologist known for his research on gender identities and gender roles. He was honored in 2002 by the German Society for Social-Scientific Sexuality Research[wp], which earned him the Magnus Hirschfeld Medal[wp].
A native New Zealander, Money emigrated in 1947 in the United States and studied at the University of Pittsburgh psychology. He earned in 1952 his Doctor of Psychology at Harvard University. He was married briefly in the 1950s and had no children. Money was a professor of medical psychology at Johns Hopkins University[wp] from 1951 until his death.
The case Reimer
Money was one of the first to try to scientifically prove that gender was only learned; he was one of the pioneers of gender theory. In 1967 Money suggested that a sex change be performed on a almost two year old boy Bruce Reimer (later David Reimer after Bruce's penis had previously been accidentally mutilated as a result of a botched circumcision. The experiment was, however, out of control: Even as a small child getting ripped "Brenda," as Bruce has now called, ripped off "her" clothes and gave girls' toys a wide berth. When "she" was seven years old, "she" was resistant and was told "she" should go to Money; at age 14, "she" threatened them with suicide, after which "her" parents finally revealed "her" the awful truth. As a "Brenda" now learned that "she" had come as a boy into the world, had been forced to undergo a sex change. In the spring of 2004, Reimer shot himself. His twin brother died two years earlier; there are suspicions which he is said to have committed suicide because he could no longer bear the suffering of his brother.
Reimer also testified Money would have him and his brother with a completely unnecessary photo shoots sexually abused.
Despite the failure was the "John/Joan case" a part of the women's movement as a scientific evidence for the thesis of equality feminism . So wrote Alice Schwarzer, 1975, that "the ability to give birth is also the only difference that remains between man and woman. everything else is artificially set up." Money she recognizes as one of the "few exceptions that do not manipulate, but are the enlightening mission of research justice".
Money itself claimed that the media response to the case came from far-right and anti-feminists, and refused to continue the case to discuss.
Money claimed in 1991 "PAIDIKA: The Journal of Paedophilia" that pedophilia "could not be considered as pathological" under certain circumstances.
- Gender Identity. The Johns Hopkins University Press 1973, ISBN 0-80181405-7 (Hardcover), ISBN 0-80181406-5 (Paperback)
- Sex reassignment: Male to female to male[ext] - John Money and George Wolff (370,7 KB)
- Michael Klonovsky: Ein Nagel im Sarg des westlichen Menschen, Focus, Heft 52/2010, p. 64-66
- Alice Schwarzer: Der kleine Unterschied und seine großen Folgen, Fischer 1975, ISBN 3-596-15446-4, p 192f.
- Die Schwarzerische Textpassage geschlechterverkehrt: (Neugelbes WGvdL-)Forum: , carlos on 8 February 2012 - 19:32 h (Archive)
- This was commented by:
Volker Zastrow: "Gender Mainstreaming" - Der kleine Unterschied, FAZ on 7 September 2006
Bettina Röhl: Der Sündenfall der Alice Schwarzer? Das schreckliche Schicksal der Zwillingsbrüder Reimer., Cicero on 4 April 2005
Eva Herman: Das Eva Prinzip, Pendo Verlag 2006, ISBN 3-86612-105-9 (Paragraphs "Die Ideologie der Gleichheit" and "Ein grausamer Irrtum")