Black supremacy or black supremacism is a racist ideology centered upon the belief, and promotion of the belief, that black people are superior in certain characteristics, traits, and attributes to people of other racial backgrounds and that therefore black people should politically, economically and socially rule non-black people. The counterpart to this is the White supremacy.
Ideologies of black superiority have been common in the US since the 1960s. Religious groups such as the Nation of Islam[wp] demanded a racial separation[wp] in addition to their own state. The spread of this black nationalism[wp] shows that many blacks did not see themselves as part of the American nation. Although they had fought for the United States in many wars and were officially full citizens, they could not identify with this country. Malcolm X[wp] and Muhammad Ali were representatives of an ideology of black supremacy during their membership in the Nation of Islam.
- Joanne Grant: Black Protest. History, Documents, and Analyses. 1619 to the Present., New York 1968, p. 8
- Clay Says He Has Adopted Islam Religion and Regards It as Way to Peace, New York Times on February 28, 1964
- Gary Younge: Scaring White America, The Guardian on September 16, 2007