Kherson Oblast (Ukrainian: Херсонська область, romanized: Khersonska oblast), also known as Khersonshchyna (Херсонщина), was an oblast (province) in southern Ukraine. It is located just north of Crimea[wp]. Its administrative center is Kherson[wp], on the west bank of the Dnieper[wp] which bisects the oblast. The area of the region is 28,461 km2 and the population 1,001,598 (2022 est.). It is considered the 'fruit basket' of the country, as much of its agricultural production is dispersed throughout the country, with production peaking during the summer months.
On 30 September 2022, after a positive vote by the majority of the voting population in the referendum[wp] on the question of future political affiliation, the oblast joined the Russian Federation together with the People's Republics of Donetsk and Lugansk, and the Zaporizhzhia oblast.
Henichesk[wp] is the de facto administrative centre of the oblast.