Genital Mutilation (often called circumcision) is known in our culture as circumcision of boys among Muslims and Jews as well as circumcision of girls preferably in parts of Africa.
Especially the circumcision of the female genitalia attracted much attention due to the "industrial concern". What is new is the fact that the circumcision of the male genitalia world leads to many deaths or pulls lifelong suffering by itself for many. While male circumcision in the "third world" so-called primarily represents a ritual tradition, the routine circumcision has boys now developed immediately after birth in the North American states to a lucrative practice of directly and indirectly a number of jobs and careers depend. What connects the medicine man in the Solomon Islands with the hypermodern equipped doctor in the United States: both pass away without medical indication in children. There is a lack of medical necessity, which is the first place with impunity under German law a surgical procedure.
Short and on the point
- Wherever there is female genital mutilation, there is also the masculine form, the reverse is not true.
- Reasons include: order for women to be more attractive in order to satisfy them better.
- Male Genital Mutilation IS comparable to the female.
- Impact on the psyche (trauma), sexuality and health.
- Extreme forms are little known: skin of the penis, crushing a testicle.
- Male circumcision as a weapon in the "war of sperm".
|In this Genital Mutilation article, important information is missing. You may help WikiMANNia by investigating the content and it, or us.|
Male Genital Mutilation
Male genital mutilation (MGM) involves the removal or alternation of male genitals as part of a religious or social custom, on a man or boy that does not, or cannot consent to the procedure. When performed on an infant boy it is often called routine infant circumcision. MRAs object to all forms of genital mutilation. MGM remains legal in all nations today.
The rights of the individual must be paramount. Genital mutilation is a violation of a boy's rights over his own body.
Circumcision is very rarely actually needed[w4m].
There is strong evidence (elevated cortisol levels for an extended period, permanent changes in infant behaviour) that circumcision is traumatic for the infant.
Proponents of FGM[w4m] use the same arguments as proponents of MGM[w4m]. Contrary to what is often claimed the most common form of FGM is less severe than male circumcision. The argument that FGM is intrinsically worse than MGM run counter to the evidence.
Male Genital Mutilation (MGM), commonly referred to by the euphemism of circumcision, refers to all procedures involving partial or total removal of the external male genitalia or other injury to the male genital organs whether for cultural, religious or other non-therapeutic reasons.
Stedman's Medical Dictionary defines mutilation as, "Disfigurement or injury by removal or destruction of any conspicuous or essential part of the body." Because male circumcision clearly entails the removal of a conspicuous part of the body and inflicts an irreparable injury and alters the appearance of the penis, the term mutilation is commonly employed.
Involuntary sex assignment
In some cases, a child's gender may be reassigned due to genital injury. There have been at least seven cases of healthy male infants being reassigned as female due to circumcision damaging their penises beyond repair, including the late David Reimer (born Bruce Reimer, later Brenda Reimer), who was the subject of John Money's John/Joan case, an unnamed American child, who was awarded $750,000 by Judge Walter McGovern of the Federal District Court after a military doctor was found guilty of medical malpractice in 1975, and an unnamed child who was circumcised at Northside Hospital, who received an undisclosed amount of money from the hospital.
Commercial harvesting of foreskins for the use in face creams
Source material for article construction:
- A Cut above the Rest?: Wrinkle Treatment Uses Babies' Foreskins: Scientific American
- Acroposthion.com - Mafia 1
- Foreskin furore - Sowetan LIVE
- Foreskin face cream from SkinMedica promoted by Oprah Winfrey
Psychological sequelae of circumcision
In a 1995 study the behavior of circumcised boys was compared with the behavior of girls at the age of 4 to 6 months when vaccination with DPT occurred. The study found that circumcised boys demonstrate a much greater response to the pain of the vaccination than do girls. In a follow-up study the behavior of circumcisied boys was compared with the behavior of non-circumcised boys at vaccination and the circumcised boys demonstrated a greater response to the pain of vaccination than did the non-circumcised boys. The authors of the study concluded that the greater pain response in circumcised infants may represent an infant analogue of a post-traumatic stress disorder triggered by a traumatic and painful event and re-experienced under similar circumstances of pain during vaccination.
Alexithymia, a kind of emotional dissociation linked to neonatal and posttraumatic stress disorder, has been found to be associated with circumcision. One study observed early signs of circumcision-related alexithymia in four and five-year-old boys after their circumcision. It concluded that circumcision has detrimental effects on the child’s psychological functioning and adaptation, and that the child tends to seek safety in withdrawal and isolation. A clinical case report on circumcision noted that the only response available to the infant is shock, wherein the central nervous system is overwhelmed by pain, followed by numbing and paralysis. While some babies have been described as being "quiet" after circumcision, it has been surmised that the stillness most likely represents a state of dissociation. The International Journal of Men’s Health published a study examining the link between the early trauma of circumcision and the personality trait disorder alexithymia. The study, by Dan Bollinger and Robert S. Van Howe, M.D., M.S., FAAP, found that circumcised adult men are 60% more likely to suffer from alexithymia, the inability to process emotions.
- Wiki4Men: Male genital mutilation
- Male Genital Mutilation Bill, access on 12 May 2013
- George C. Denniston: Male and Female Circumcision: Medical, Legal, and Ethical Considerations in Pediatric Practice, University of Washington Seattle, Washington; Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers; 1999; ISBN 0-306-46131-5
- A Voice for Men Reference wiki: Male genital mutilation
- Gearhart JP, Rock JA. Total ablation of the penis after circumcision with electrocautery: a method of management and long-term followup. J Urol 1989;142(3):799-801.
- "David Reimer, 38, Subject of the John/Joan Case" The New York Times, New York, USA, Published May 12, 2004
- "Family Is Awarded $850,000 For Circumcision Accident" The New York Times, New York, USA, Published November 2, 1975
- Charles Seabrook. $22.8 million in botched circumcision. Atlanta Constitution, Tuesday, March 12, 1991.
- George Hill, Circumcision and Human Behavior: the emotional and behavioral effects of circumcision
- D. Bollinger and R. S. Van Howe, Alexithymia and Circumcision Trauma: A Preliminary Investigation
- Study Links Circumcision to Personality Trait Disorder, Intact news, September 2011
- Between moral relativism and moral hypocrisy: Reframing the debate on "FGM", Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 26(2):105-144 · July 2016
- Gary Costanza: Video - "Circumcision? Make the informed decision" featuring Dr. Dean Edell, Penn & Teller, and Marilyn Milos of nocirc.org, A Voice for Men on February 12, 2016
- Global Survey of Circumcision Harm - Tim Hammond, International Conference on Men's Issues - London 2016 (22 pages)
- Circumcision Is Unethical and Unlawful - J. Steven Svoboda, Peter W. Adler, and Robert S. Van Howe, Summer 2016 (20 pages)
- Mike Buchanan: Male Genital Mutilation - it's traditional. Why stop?, Justice for Men & Boys on September 28, 2015
- Male circumcision and sexual function in men and women: a survey-based, cross-sectional study in Denmark
|This article based (the part "Male genital mutilation") on an article Male genital mutilation (May 5, 2020) from the free Encyklopedia Wiki4Men. The Wiki4Men article is published under Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-SA 4.0). In Wiki4Men is a List of Authors available those who worked on the text before being incorporated in WikiMANNia.|